Often summed up by a phrase which starts “the Germans actually have a word for…”, the extensive vocabulary of the German language is legendary.
Much of this is due to the German phenomenon of composite nouns, which creates single words which would be multiple words in other languages such as English.
Examples of this include Aufenthaltstitel (residency permit) and Unabhängigkeitserklärung (declaration of independence). The word ‘Waldeinsamkeit’ literally translates to ‘forest loneliness’, a specific feeling that in most languages would require several words.
When you add Swiss German into the mix, you have a wide range of words which are either difficult or impossible to translate.
Here are some of the best. Want more fun Swiss German words? Then check out
Did you wake up with crumbs in the bed this morning? Or was there a mysterious plate by the kitchen sink when you went to make coffee?
Chances are that someone in the house got an attack of the late-night munchies, or as it called in Swiss German, a Bettmümpfeli.
Translating literally to ‘bedtime treats’, Bettmümpfeli is a difficult word to say but a feeling we all understand.
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The Swiss German word ‘Hundsverlocheti’ literally means a ‘dog’s burial’ but it has nothing to do with canine expiration.
Instead, the term refers to an event no one in their right mind would want to go to.
For example, you might say to someone who goes out to every party or happening in town no matter how unexciting it is “Du gosch a jede Hundesverlochti”.
This means something along the lines of “You’ll find any old reason to go out (even a dog’s burial)”.
The Swiss work a lot: around 40 to 42 hours a week is average for a full-time job at a Swiss company. But the plus side is that, generally speaking, the Swiss don’t take their work home.
That magical moment when the working day is done and you are free to leave is known as ‘Feierabend’ (literally ‘celebration evening’) and is pronounced something like Fürabet – depending, of course, what part of Switzerland you are in.
You could, for example, ask someone: ‘Wenn hesch fürabet?’, which means “When do you get off (work)?”
The word is also commonly used in high German.
READ MORE: Why every country should get on board with the German Feierabend
What’s the best way to celebrate Feierabend? With a Feierabendbier, of course.
It’s safe to say that ‘Eiertütsche’ is not the most useful word on this list, but is popular at certain times of the year as it is seasonal.
Eiertütsche (or ‘Egg bumping) refers to a game in which animal products and sublimated warfare are combined in one brilliant package. The combat involves hard-boiled eggs being knocked against each other.
The owner of the egg with the harder shell (the one that doesn’t break) is the winner. Anyone familiar with the British game of conkers where chestnuts are smashed into each other will get the picture. Who knew Easter could be this much fun?
READ MORE: Five of the more peculiar Swiss Easter traditions
No list of Swiss German words would be complete without one swear word containing a) a reference to an animal and b) a reference to an anatomical nether region.
In this case, the animal is a sheep (Schaf) and the part of the anatomy is the testicles (from ‘Seckel’ meaning something like sack or bag).
Although the word might sound cute, it is a strong insult akin to ‘wanker’ or ‘asshole’. You have been warned.
The word Chuchichäschtli came in on top of a poll of Local readers favourite Swiss German words in 2020.
It means kitchen cupboard or little kitchen cupboard is almost impossible for foreigners – including High German speakers – to get their mouth around.
On Facebook, Jackie Amey said the word was her “dad’s favourite”. “He was English and he learned how to say it”.
READ MORE: Seven English words Swiss Germans get delightfully wrong
Margaret Weber and Sharon Baur also selected the word as their fave.
When spring finally comes around after Switzerland’s long, cold winter, it’s time to take the convertible out of the garage (preferably an ‘old timer’, as vintage cars are known in Switzerland) and go for a ‘Blueschtfaehrtli’.
A combination of the words for ‘blossom’ and ‘little drive’, this difficult-to-pronounce word refers to the Swiss tradition of going out to admire the technicolour blossoms on the fruit trees.
Have you gone for a little drive (or walk) to check out the flowers while you’ve been in Switzerland? Photo by Jonas Zürcher on Unsplash
The Swiss equivalent of the seat-warming, pencil-pushing bureaucrat is the delightfully-named ‘Bürogummi’ or, which literally translates to ‘office eraser’ or ‘office rubber band’.
The Germans had the Berliner Mauer (Berlin Wall) and Donald Trump wanted to build a wall with Mexico but in Switzerland, the cultural and linguistic divide between the French and German-speaking parts of the country is an invisible border known as the Röstigraben after the typically Swiss German potato dish rösti.
The direct translation: the potato dish ditch.
If you’re interested in the Röstigraben, or just want to find out which side of it you are on, then check out the following link.
Röstigraben: What is Switzerland’s invisible language and culture barrier?
Cheib: Rascal, mean person
Güselchübel: Moving van, garbage can or good friend (yeah, this one confuses us too).
Chrüsimüsi: Literally meaning ‘I need to be crucified’, this refers to a chaotic mess one can find oneself in.
Trottel: Not unlike Löli (see above), this refers to a clumsy or dumb person.